PUBLICATIONS (student names shown in italics)


Metaxas A.  1994.  Spatial and temporal dynamics of phytoplankton assemblages in tidepools:  effects of the physical environment, the nutrient regime and the grazer field.  PhD Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 296 pp.

Metaxas A.  1989.  Effect of the interaction between two species of marine diatoms on their individual copper tolerance.  MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 164 pp.

Refereed publications:


  • Chauvet P, A Metaxas, A Hay, M Matabos. In press. Annual and seasonal variations in the deep-sea megafaunal epibenthic communities in Barkley Canyon (British Columbia, Canada): a response to surface and deep-sea environment. Progress in Oceanography
  • Dunn DC, CL Van Dover, RJ Etter, CR Smith, LA Levin, T. Morato, A. Colaço, AC Dale, AV Gebruk, KM Gjerde, PN Halpin, KL Howell, D Johnson, JAA Perez, MC Ribeiro, H Stuckas, P Weaver and the SEMPIA Workshop Participants. 2018. A strategy for the conservation of biodiversity on mid-ocean ridges from deep-sea mining. Science Advances 4: eaar4313
  • Lacharité M, A Metaxas. Environmental drivers of epibenthic megafauna on a deep temperate continental shelf: a multiscale approach. Progress in Oceanography 162: 171-186
  • Mullineaux LS*, A Metaxas*, S Beaulieu, M Bright, S Gollner, B Grupe, S Herrera, J Kellner, LA Levin, S Mitarai, MG Neubert, AM Thurnherr, V Tunnicliffe, H Watanabe, Y-J Won. 2018. Exploring the ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents in a metacommunity framework. Frontiers in Marine Science 5; doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00049 * co-leads, equal contribution
  • Van Dover CL, S Arnaud-Haond, M Gianni, S Helmreich, JA Huber, AL Jaeckel, A Metaxas, LH Pendleton, S Petersen, E Ramirez-Llodra, PE Steinberg, V Tunnicliffe, H Yamamoto. 2018. Scientific rationale and international obligations for protection of active hydrothermal vent ecosystems from deep-sea mining. Marine Policy 90: 20-28
  • Allen RM, A Metaxas, PVR Snelgrove. 2018. Applying movement ecology to marine animals with complex lifecycles. Annual Reviews in Marine Science 10: 19-42
  • Smith J, A Metaxas. 2018. A decision tree for incorporating connectivity in the design of networks of Marine Protected Areas. Marine Policy 88:269-278


  • Domke L, M Lacharité, A Metaxas, M Matabos. 2017. Influence of an oxygen minimum zone and macroalgal enrichment on benthic megafaunal community composition in a NE Pacific submarine canyon. Marine Ecology 38: DOI: 10.1111/maec.12481
  • Saunders MI, M Bode, S Atkinson, C Klein, A Metaxas, J Beher, M Beger, M Mills, S Giakoumi, V Tulloch, P Maxwell, H Possingham. 2017. Simple rules can guide whether land- or ocean-based conservation will best benefit marine ecosystems. PLoS Biology 15(9): e2001886 PLoS Editor’s Picks collection on Ocean Science
  • Denley D, A Metaxas. 2017. Lack of substrate specificity contributes to invasion success and persistence of Membranipora membranacea in the northwest Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress Series 580: 117-129
  • Sorochan K, A Metaxas. 2017. The effect of temperature on motility of the nauplius and cypris stages of the acorn barnacle Semibalanus balanoides. Marine Ecology Progress Series 579: 55-66
  • Sorochan K, W Gentleman, A Metaxas. 2017. Modelling rates of random search over the transition form diffusive to ballistic movement of plankton. Journal of Plankton Research 39: 815-825
  • Lacharité M, A Metaxas. Hard substrate in the deep ocean: how sediment features influence epibenthic megafauna on the eastern Canadian margin. Deep-Sea Research I 126: 50-61
  • Denley D, A Metaxas. Effects of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on reproduction of an ecologically significant invasive bryozoan: implications for invasion success. Marine Biology 164: 145-154
  • Bennecke S, A Metaxas. 2017b. Is substrate a suitable predictor for deep-water coral occurrence on fine scales? Deep-Sea Research I 124: 55-65
  • Bennecke S, A Metaxas. 2017a. Effectiveness of a deep-water coral conservation area: evaluation of its boundaries and changes in octocoral communities over 13 years. Deep-Sea Research II 137: 420-435


  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling. 2016. Rapid egg transport following coral mass spawning at Ningaloo reef, Western Australia. Bulletin of Marine Science 92: 529-544
  • Bennecke S, T Kwasnitschka, A Metaxas, W-C Dullo. 20 In situ growth rates of deep-water octocorals determined from 3D photogrammetric reconstructions. Coral Reefs 35: 1227-1239
  • Denley D, A Metaxas. 2016. Quantifying mortality of modular organisms: a comparison of partial and whole-colony mortality in a colonial bryozoan. Ecosphere 7: e01483
  • Breusing C, A Biastoch, A Drews, A Metaxas, D Jollivet, RC Vrijenhoek, T Bayer, F Melzner, L Sayavedra, JM Petersen, N Dubilier, MB Schilhabel, P Rosenstiel, TBH Reusch. 2016. Biophysical and population genetic models predict presence of “phantom” stepping stones connecting Mid-Atlantic Ridge vent ecosystems. Current Biology 26: 2257-2267.
  • Cordes EE, DO Jones, TA Schlacher, DJ Amon, AF Bernadino, S Brooke, R Carney, DM DeLeo, KM Dunlop, EG Escobar-Briones, AR Gates, L Génio, J Gobin, L-A Henry, S Herrera, S Hoyt, S Joye, S Kark, NC Mestre, A Metaxas, S Pfeifer, K Sink, AK Sweetman, UF Witte. 2016. Environmental impacts of the deep-water oil and gas industry: a review to guide management strategies. Frontiers in Environmental Science 4:
  • Lacharité M, LL Jørgensen, A Metaxas, VS Lien, HR Skjoldal. 2016. Delimiting oceanographic provinces to determine drivers of spatial turnover in 2 deep-water benthic megafauna: a case study in the Barents Sea. Progress in Oceanography 146: 187-198
  • Levin LA, AR Baco, D Bowden, A Colaço, E Cordes, MR Cunha, A Demopoulos, J Gobin, B Grupe, J Le, A Metaxas, A Netburn, GW Rouse, AR Thurber, V Tunnicliffe, C Van Dover, A Vanreusel, L Watling. 2016. Hydrothermal vents and methane seeps: rethinking the zone of influence. Frontiers in Marine Science: DOI 10.3389/fmars.2016.00072
  • Daigle RM, A Metaxas, J Chassé. 2016. The relative importance of behavior in larval dispersal in a low energy embayment. Progress in Oceanography 144: 93-117
  • Girard F, M Lacharité, A Metaxas. 2016. Recruitment of benthic invertebrates in a submarine canyon on the eastern Canadian continental margin. Marine Ecology Progress Series 544: 53-64
  • Boschen RE, PC Collins, V Tunnicliffe, J Carlsson, JPA Gardner, J Lowe, A McCrone, A Metaxas, F Sinninger, A Swaddling. 2016. A primer for use of genetic tools in selecting and testing the suitability of set-aside sites protected from deep-sea seafloor massive sulfide mining activities. Ocean and Coastal Management 122: 37-48


  • Sorochan K, A Metaxas. 2015. In situ predation on larvae of three species of barnacles by the ctenophore Pleurobrachia pileus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 541: 105-122
  • Lacharité M, A Metaxas, P Lawton. 2015. Using object-based image analysis to determine seafloor fine-scale features and complexity. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 13: 553-567
  • Bailey M, B Favaro, SP Otto, A Charles, R Devillers, A Metaxas, P Tyedmers, NC Ban, T Mason, C Hoover, TJ Duck, L Fanning, C Milley, AM Cisneros-Montemayor, D Pauly, WWL Cheung, S Cullis-Suzuki, L Teh, UR Sumaila. Canada at a crossroad: The imperative of realigning ocean policy with ocean science. Marine Policy 63: 53-60
  • Simonson EJ, A Metaxas, RE Scheibling. Kelp in hot water: II. Effects of warming seawater temperature on kelp quality as a food source and settlement substrate. Marine Ecology Progress Series 537: 105-119
  • Simonson EJ, RE Scheibling, A Metaxas. Kelp in hot water: I. Warming seawater temperature induces weakening and loss of kelp tissue. Marine Ecology Progress Series 537: 89-104
  • Metaxas A. 2015. Bivalve populations inhabiting hydrothermal vents on submarine volcanoes: distribution and potential regulatory factors. Marine Ecology 36 (Suppl 1): 62-70.
  • Denley D, A Metaxas. 2015. Recovery capacity of the invasive colonial bryozoan Membranipora membranacea (Linnaeus) from damage: effects of temperature, location, and magnitude of damage. Marine Biology 162: 1769-1778
  • Stevens CJ, SK Juniper, H Limén, DW Pond, A Metaxas, Y Gélinas. Obligate hydrothermal vent fauna at East Diamante submarine volcano (Mariana Arc) exploit photosynthetic and chemosynthetic carbon sources. Marine Ecology Progress Series 525: 25-39
  • Hilário A, A Metaxas, SM Gaudron, KL Howell, A Mercier, N Mestre, RE Ross, AM Thurnherr, CM Young. 2015. Estimating dispersal distance in the deep sea: challenges and applications to marine reserves. Frontiers in Marine Science: DOI 10.3389/fmars.2015.00006


  • Daigle RM, A Metaxas, B deYoung. 2014. Fine-scale distribution and spatial variability of benthic invertebrate larvae. PLoS One 9: e106178
  • Mason G, J Sameoto, A Metaxas. 2014. In situ swimming characteristics of the sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, on German Bank, Gulf of Maine. Journal of the Marine Association of the United Kingdom 94: 1019-1026
  • Denley D, A Metaxas, J Short. Selective settlement by larvae of Membranipora membranacea and Electra pilosa along kelp blades. Aquatic Biology 21: 47-56
  • Daigle RM, A Metaxas, B deYoung. Bay-scale patterns in the distribution, aggregation and spatial variability of larvae of benthic invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 503: 139-156


  • Lacharité M, A Metaxas. 2013. Early life history of deep-water gorgonian corals may limit their abundance. Public Library of Science One 8(6): e65394
  • Civelek CV, Daigle RM, Metaxas A. 2013. Effects of temperature on larval swimming patterns regulate vertical distribution relative to thermoclines in Asterias rubens. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 445: 1-12
  • Short J, Metaxas A, R Daigle. Predation of larval benthic invertebrates in St. Georges Bay, Nova Scotia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 93: 591-599
  • Dinning K, A Metaxas. Effects of oxygen on larval availability and colonization of marine benthic invertebrates on the seafloor of Saanich Inlet, a seasonally hypoxic fjord. Marine Ecology 34: 2-13


  • Daigle RM, A Metaxas. 2012. Modeling of the larval response of green sea urchins to thermal stratification using a random walk approach. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 438: 14-23
  • Lloyd MJ, Metaxas A, B deYoung. 2012b. Patterns in vertical distribution and their potential effects on transport of larval marine benthic invertebrates in a shallow embayment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 469: 37-52
  • Lloyd MJ, Metaxas A, B deYoung. 2012a. Physical and biological factors affect the vertical distribution of larvae of benthic gastropods in a shallow embayment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 464: 135-151
  • Snelgrove PVR, Archambault P, Juniper SK, Lawton P, Metaxas A, Pepin P, Rice J, V Tunnicliffe. 2012. The Canadian Healthy Oceans Network (CHONe): An academic-government partnership to develop scientific guidelines for conservation and sustainable usage of Canada’s marine biodiversity. Fisheries 37: 296-304
  • Yorke AF, A Metaxas. 2012. Relative importance of kelps and fucoid as substrata of the invasive epiphytic bryozoan Membranipora membranacea in Nova Scotia, Canada. Aquatic Biology 16: 17-30
  • Roy A, Metaxas A, T Ross. 2012. Swimming patterns of larval sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) in turbulence in the laboratory. Marine Ecology Progress Series 453: 117-127
  • Breen EA, A Metaxas. Predicting the interactions between “ecologically equivalent” indigenous and non-indigenous decapod species: a perspective. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69: 983-995 (doi:10.1139/F2012-037)
  • Roy A, A Metaxas. 2012. The effects of population density on larval vertical distribution of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Mueller) and the sea star Asterias rubens (Linnaeus). Marine Ecology 33: 194-204 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0485.2011.00480.x)


  • Daigle R, A Metaxas. 2011. Vertical distribution of marine invertebrate larvae in response to thermal stratification in the laboratory. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 409: 89-98 (doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.08.008)
  • Metaxas A. Spatial patterns of larval abundance at hydrothermal vents on seamounts: evidence for recruitment limitation? Marine Ecology Progress Series 437: 103-117
  • Yorke AF, A Metaxas. 2011. Interactions between an invasive and a native bryozoan (Membranipora membranacea and Electra pilosa) on kelp and Fucus substrates in Nova Scotia, Canada. Marine Biology 158: 2299-2311 (doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1734-3)
  • Short JA, A Metaxas. 2011. Gregarious settlement of tubeworms at deep-sea hydrothermal vents on the Tonga-Kermadec Arc, S. Pacific. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 91: 15-22 (doi:10.1017/S0025315410000676)


  • Saunders MI, A Metaxas. 2010. Physical forcing of bryozoan larval distributions in a coastal embayment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 418: 131-145
  • Kelly NE, Shea EK, Metaxas A, Haedrich RL, P Auster. 2010. Biodiversity of the deep-sea continental margin bordering the Gulf of Maine (NW Atlantic): relationships among sub-regions and to shelf systems. Public Library of Science ONE 5(11): e13832 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013832)
  • Metaxas A, NE Kelly. 2010. Do larval supply and recruitment vary among chemosynthetic environments of the deep sea? Public Library of Science ONE 5: e11646 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011646)
  • Saunders MI, Metaxas A, R Filgueira. 2010. Implications of warming temperatures for population outbreaks of a nonindigenous species in rocky subtidal ecosystems. Limnology and Oceanography 55: 1627-1642
  • Watanabe S, Scheibling RE, A Metaxas. 2010. Contrasting patterns of spread in interacting invasive species: Membranipora membranacea and Codium fragile off Nova Scotia. Biological Invasions 12: 2329-2342 (doi 10.1007/s10530-009-9647-5)
  • Kelly N, A Metaxas. 2010. Understanding population dynamics of a numerically dominant species at hydrothermal vents: a matrix modeling approach. Marine Ecology Progress Series 403: 113-128
  • Sameoto J, Ross T, A Metaxas. 2010. Larval vertical distribution of the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, in laminar flow. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 383: 156-163.
  • Scheibling RE, A Metaxas. 2010. Mangroves and fringing reefs as nursery habitats for the endangered Caribbean sea star Oreaster reticulatus. Bulletin of Marine Science 86: 135-150


  • Saunders MI, A Metaxas. 2009. Population dynamics of a nonindigenous epiphytic bryozoan (Membranipora membranacea) in the western North Atlantic: effects of kelp substrate. Aquatic Biology 8: 83-94
  • Breen EA, A Metaxas. 2009. Influence of abiotic factors on the population biology of the non-indigenous European green crab, Carcinus maenas, and two indigenous decapods in a brackish micro-tidal system in Nova Scotia, Canada. Aquatic Biology 8: 1-13
  • Watanabe S, Metaxas A, Sameoto JA, Lawton P. 2009. Patterns in abundance and size of two deep-water gorgonian octocorals, in relation to depth and substrate features off Nova Scotia. Deep-Sea Research I 56: 2235-2248
  • Watanabe S, Metaxas A, RE Scheibling. 2009. Dispersal potential of the invasive green alga Codium fragile fragile. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 381: 114-125
  • Breen EA, A Metaxas. 2009. Effects of juvenile non-indigenous Carcinus maenas on the growth and condition of juvenile Cancer irroratus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 377: 12-19
  • Saunders M, A Metaxas. 2009. Effects of temperature, size, and food on the growth of Membranipora membranacea in laboratory and field studies. Marine Biology 156: 2267-2276
  • Metaxas A, M Saunders. 2009. Quantifying the “bio-” components in biophysical models of larval transport: advances and pitfalls. Biological Bulletin 216: 257-272 (Special Issue on the Biology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, Invited contribution)
  • Metaxas A, Mullineaux LS, J Sisson. 2009. Distribution of echinoderm larvae relative to the halocline of a salt wedge. Marine Ecology Progress Series 377: 157-168
  • Saunders M, A Metaxas. High recruitment of the introduced bryozoan Membranipora membranacea is associated with kelp bed defoliation in Nova Scotia, Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 369: 139-151


  • Lowell RP, Seewald J, Metaxas A, MR Perfit. 2008. Modeling hydrothermal processes at ocean spreading centers: magma to microbe – overview. In: Lowell RP, Seewald J, Metaxas A, MR Perfit (Eds). Magma to Microbe: Modeling Hydrothermal Processes at Ocean Spreading Centers. Geophysical Monograph 178. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA. p. 1-14
  • Shea K, Metaxas A, Young CR, Fisher CR. 2008. Processes and interactions in macrofaunal assemblages at hydrothermal vents: a modeling perspective. In: Lowell RP, Perfit MR, Seewald J, A Metaxas (Eds). Magma to Microbe: Modeling Hydrothermal Processes at Ocean Spreading Centers. Geophysical Monograph 178. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA. p. 259-274
  • Sameoto J, A Metaxas. Interactive effects of haloclines and food patches on the vertical distribution of 3 species of temperate invertebrate larvae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 367: 131-141 (doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2008.09.003)
  • Metaxas A, Scheibling RE, Robinson M, CM Young. 2008. Larval development, settlement and early post-settlement behaviour of the tropical sea star Oreaster reticulatus. Bulletin of Marine Science 83: 471-480
  • Kelly N, A Metaxas. 2008. Diversity of invertebrate colonists on simple and complex substrates at hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca ridge. Aquatic Biology 3: 271-281
  • Breen E, A Metaxas. 2008. A comparison of predation rates by non-indigenous and indigenous crabs (juvenile Carcinus maenas, juvenile Cancer irroratus, and adult Dyspanopeus sayi) in laboratory and field experiments. Estuaries and Coasts 31: 728-737
  • Sameoto J, A Metaxas. 2008. Can salinity-induced mortality explain larval vertical distribution with respect to a halocline? Biological Bulletin 214: 329-338
  • Scheibling RE, A Metaxas. 2008. Abundance, spatial distribution and size structure of the sea star Protoreaster nodosus in Palau, with notes on feeding and reproduction. Bulletin of Marine Science 82: 221-235
  • Kelly N, A Metaxas. 2008. Population structure of two deep-sea hydrothermal vent gastropods from the Juan de Fuca Ridge, NE Pacific. Marine Biology 153: 457-471


  • Saunders M, A Metaxas. 2007. Temperature explains settlement patterns of the introduced bryozoan Membranipora membranacea in Nova Scotia, Atlantic Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 344: 95-106
  • Kelly N, Metaxas A, D Butterfield. 2007. Spatial and temporal patterns in colonization of deep-sea hydrothermal vent invertebrates on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, NE Pacific. Aquatic Biology 1: 1-16
  • Kelly N, A Metaxas. Influence of habitat on the reproductive biology of the deep-sea hydrothermal vent limpet Lepetodrilus fucensis (Vetigastropoda: Mollusca) from the Northeast Pacific. Marine Biology 151: 649-662
  • Bravo M, Cameron B, A Metaxas. 2007. Salinity tolerance of larvae of the invasive green crab, Carcinus maenas, from a microtidal, low-salinity habitat. Crustaceana 80: 475-490
  • Metaxas A, T Bryan. 2007. Predictive habitat model for deep gorgonians needs better resolution: Reply to Etnoyer & Morgan. Marine Ecology Progress Series 339: 313-314
  • Bryan T, A Metaxas. Predicting suitable habitat for Paragorgiidae and Primnoidae on the Atlantic and Pacific continental margins of North America. Marine Ecology Progress Series 330: 113-126


  • Kelly NE, A Metaxas. 2006. Recruitment patterns of hydrothermal vent invertebrates in anhydrite-based habitats on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, NE Pacific. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 47: 435-441 (special issue on Vent & Seep Biology)
  • Bryan T, A Metaxas. Distributional patterns of deep-water corals along the North American continental margins: relationships with environmental factors. Deep-Sea Research I 53: 1865-1879
  • Metaxas A, VHM Burdett-Coutts. 2006. Response of invertebrate larvae to the presence of the ctenophore Bolinopsis infundibulum, a potential predator. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 334: 187-195


  • Metaxas A, JE Davis. 2005. Megafauna associated with assemblages of deep-water corals on the Scotian Slope. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 85: 1381-1390
  • Cameron B, A Metaxas. 2005. Invasive green crab, Carcinus maenas on the Atlantic coast and in the Bras d’Or Lakes of Nova Scotia, Canada: larval supply and recruitment. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 85: 847-855
  • Tyler PA, German CR, Tunnicliffe V, and 18 international members of the ChEss programme steering group. 2005. Biologists do not pose a threat to deep-sea vents. Nature 434: 18
  • Mullineaux LS, Mills SW, Sweetman AK, Boudreau AH, Metaxas A, HL Hunt. 2005. Vertical, lateral and temporal structure in larval distributions at hydrothermal vents. Marine Ecology Progress Series 293: 1-16.
  • Leverette T, A Metaxas. 2005. Predicting deep-water coral habitat in the Canadian Atlantic continental shelf and slope. In: “Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems” (Eds: Freiwald A, JM Roberts). Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 467-479.
  • Metaxas A. Spatial and temporal patterns in larval supply at hydrothermal vents on the northwest Pacific Ocean. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1949-1956.


  • Metaxas A, B Giffin. 2004. Dense beds of the ophiuroid, Ophiacantha abyssicola, on the continental slope off Nova Scotia, Canada. Deep-Sea Research I 51: 1307-1317.
  • Burdett-Coutts VHM, A Metaxas. 2004. The effect of the quality of food patches on larval vertical distribution of the sea urchins Lytechinus variegatus and Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 308: 221-236.
  • Hunt LM, Metaxas A, Jennings RM, Halanych KM, LS Mullineaux. 2004. Testing biological control of colonization by vestimentiferan tubeworms at deep-sea hydrothermal vents (East Pacific Rise, 9°50’N). Deep-Sea Research I 51: 225-234


  • Metaxas A, Scheibling RE, CM Young. 2002. Estimating fertilization success in marine benthic invertebrates: a case study with the tropical sea star Oreaster reticulatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 226: 87-101
  • Metaxas A. Behaviour in flow: perspectives on the distribution and dispersion of meroplanktonic larvae in the water column.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:  86-98  (Invited to special 2001 anniversary issue).


  • Scheibling RE, A 2001. Population characteristics of the sea star Oreaster reticulatus in the Bahamas and across the Caribbean.  In:  M.F. Barker (ed.).  Proceedings of the 10th International Echinoderms Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand.  A.A. Balkema, pp. 209-214.   

Earlier than 2001

  • Meidel SK, Scheibling RE, A Metaxas. Relative importance of parental and larval nutrition in larval development and metamorphosis of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 240:  161-178.
  • Metaxas A. The effect of salinity on the survival and development of larvae in the sea urchin Echinometra lucunter.  Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 34:  323-330.
  • Metaxas A, CM Young. Behaviour of echinoid larvae around sharp haloclines: effects of the salinity gradient and dietary conditioning. Marine Biology 131:  443-459.
  • Metaxas A, CM Young. The effect of a dense food patch on larval response to haloclines.  In:  R. Mooi and M. Telford (eds.).  Echinoderms:  San Fransisco.  A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 745-750.
  • Metaxas A, CM Young. Responses of echinoid larvae to food patches of different algal densities.  Marine Biology 130:  433-445.
  • Young CM, Sewell MA, Tyler PA, A Metaxas.   Biogeographic and bathymetric ranges of Atlantic deep-sea echinoderms and ascidians:  the role of larval dispersal.  Biodiversity and Conservation 6:  1507-1522  (Invited review to a special issue on deep-sea biodiversity)
  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling. 1996. Top-down and bottom-up regulation of phytoplankton assemblages in tidepools.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 145:  161-177.
  • Young CM, Vázquez E, Metaxas A, PA Tyler.   Embryology of vestimentiferan tube worms from deep-sea methane/sulfide seeps.  Nature 381:  514-516.
  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling.   Spatial heterogeneity of phytoplankton assemblages in tidepools:  effects of abiotic and biotic factors.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 130:  179-199.
  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling.   Changes in phytoplankton abundance in tidepools over the period of tidal isolation.  Botanica Marina 37:  301-314.
  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling.   Spatial and temporal variability of tidepool hyperbenthos on a rocky shore in Nova Scotia, Canada.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 108:  175-184.
  • Metaxas A, Hunt H, RE Scheibling.   Spatial and temporal variability of macrobenthic communities in tidepools on a rocky shore in Nova Scotia, Canada.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 105:  89-103.
  • Metaxas A, RE Scheibling. 1993. Community structure and organization of tidepools.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 98:  187-198.
  • Metaxas A, AG Lewis.   Diatom communities of tidepools:  the effect of intertidal height.  Botanica Marina 35:  1-10.
  • Metaxas A, AG Lewis.   Interactions between two species of marine diatoms:  effects on their individual copper tolerance.  Marine Biology 109:  407-415.
  • Metaxas A, AG Lewis.   Copper tolerance of Skeletonema costatum  and Nitzschia thermalis.  Aquatic Toxicology 19:  265-280.
  • Lewis AG, A Metaxas.   Concentrations of total dissolved copper in and near a copper-treated salmon net pen.  Aquaculture 99:  269-276.
  • Metaxas A.   Effect of polycarbonate containers on the growth of two species of marine diatoms.  Journal of Phycology 25:  605-608.

Edited Book:

  • Lowell RP, Seewald J, Metaxas A, MR Perfit (Eds). 2008. Magma to Microbe: Modeling Hydrothermal Processes at Ocean Spreading Centers. Geophysical Monograph 178. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA.

Book chapters:

  • Snelgrove PVR, A Metaxas. 2018. Caring for the Coasts. In: Wells PG (Ed) The Future of Ocean Governance and Training: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002)
  • Metaxas A, PVR Snelgrove. 2018. Caring for the Deep. In: Wells PG (Ed) The Future of Ocean Governance and Training: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002)
  • Stanley RRE, CJ Morris, PVR Snelgrove, A Metaxas, P Pepin. 2018. The Efficacy of Small Closures: A Tale of Two Marine Protected Areas in Canada. Chapter 11. In: Brinkmann R, SJ Garren (Eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Sustainability: Case Studies and Practical Solutions. Palgrave and MacMillan, p. 207-238
  • Metaxas A. Larval Ecology. 2013. In: Lawrence JM (Ed.) Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology, Third Edition, Academic Press, San Diego. Chapter 6, p. 69-81
  • Metaxas A. Larval ecology, settlement and recruitment of asteroids. In: Lawrence JM (Ed) Starfish, Biology and Ecology of the Asteroidea. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Chapter 6, p. 59-66
  • Baker MC, Ramirez-Llodra EZ, Tyler PA, German CR, Boetius A, Cordes EE, Dubilier N, Fisher CR, Levin LA, Metaxas A, Rowden AA, Santos RS, Shank TM, Van Dover CL, Young CM, A Warén. 2010. Biogeography, ecology, and vulnerability of chemosynthetic ecosystems in the deep sea. In: McIntyre AD (Ed.) Life in the World’s Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Chapter 9, p. 161-182.


  • Norgard T, C St Germain, C Du Preez, E Anderson, S Jeffery,S Ban, A Metaxas, T Ross, R Thomson, D Ianson, M Galbraith, D Scriven, M Surry, J Hillier, F De Leo Cabrera. 2018. Biophysical and Ecological Overview of the Offshore Pacific Area of Interest (AOI). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2017/nnn. vi + xx p.
  • Snelgrove P, E Vanden Berghe, P Miloslavich, P Archambault, N Bailly, A Brandt, A Bucklin, M Clark, F Dahdouh-Guebas, P Halpin, R Hopcroft, K Kaschner, B Lascelles, LA Levin, S Menden-Deuer, A Metaxas, D Obura, RR Reeves, T Rynearson, K Stocks, M. Tarzia, D Tittensor, V Tunnicliffe, B Wallace, R Wanless, T Webb, P Bernal, J Rice, A Rosenberg. 2016. Chapter 34 “Global patterns in Marine Biodiversity”. World Ocean Assessment, United Nations


  • Metaxas A, N Ban, R Devillers, P Lawton, P Pepin, P Snelgrove. 2016. Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development. Submitted on 26 October 2016, in relation to the study on federal protected areas and conservation objectives.

Non-refereed publications:

  • Stanley R,  R Belley, P Snelgrove, C Morris, P Pepin, A Metaxas. 2015. Strategies for Marine Protected Areas and Areas of Interest in Newfoundland and Labrador.  Ecosystems Management Publication Series, Newfoundland and Labrador Region. 0011.192 p
  • Short J, A Metaxas. 2010. Deep sea tubeworms. JMBA Global Marine Environment 12: 34.
  • Snelgrove P, Archambault P, Juniper K, Lawton P, Metaxas A, McKindsey C, Pepin P, Schneider D, V Tunnicliffe. 2008. Scientific criteria for conservation and sustainable usage of marine biodiversity in Canada’s oceans. OCEANS-IEEE. OCEANS 2008 1-4:598-605.
  • Metaxas A. Current challenges in the study of biological communities at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. In: “Mare Incognitum? Exploring Mediterranean deep-sea biology”. CIESM Workshop Monographs 23. pp. 67-72.

Book reviews:

  • Metaxas A. “Ecosystems of the world, volume 28. Ecosystems of the deep oceans”, PA Tyler (ed). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 303: 262-263.

Other publications:

  • Metaxas A. 2005. Deep-water corals in the North Atlantic. Canadian Scientific Submersible Facility Newsletter, Fall 2005: 3


  • Virgin SDS, KA Sorochan, A Metaxas, M Barbeau. In revision. Effect of temperature on the larval biology of ribbed mussels (Geukensia demissa) and insights on their northern range limit. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
  • Denley D, A Metaxas, K Fennel. In revision. Community composition influences the persistence and ecological impact of invasive species in response to climate change. Oecologia (May 2018)
  • Higgins E, RE Scheibling, KM Desilets, A Metaxas. In revision. Benthic community succession on artificial and natural coral reefs in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. PLOS ONE (May 2018)
  • Daigle RM, A Metaxas, A Balbar, J McGowan, EA Treml, C D Kuempel, H Possingham, M Beger. In revision. Operationalizing ecological connectivity in spatial conservation planning with Marxan Connect. Methods in Ecology and Evolution (May 2018)
  • Chauvet P, A Metaxas, M Matabos.In revision. Interannual variation in the population dynamics of juveliles of the deep-sea crab Chionoecetes tanneri. Frontiers in Marine Science (June 2018)
  • Tunnicliffe V, A Metaxas, J Le, E Ramirez-Llodra, LA Levin. Strategic environmental goals and objectives: setting the basis for environmental regulation of deep seabed mining, Marine Policy (April 2018)
  • Metaxas A, M Lacharité, SN de Mendonça. Hydrodynamic connectivity of habitats of deep-water corals in Corsair Canyon, Northwest Atlantic: a case for cross-boundary conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science (September 2018)
  • Balbar A, A Metaxas. The current application of ecological connectivity in the design of marine protected areas. Biological Conservation (September 2018)